Kiryukhin Anatoly Alekseevich, Postgraduate student, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), firstname.lastname@example.org
Background. Over 20 years our country is going through a process of property transformation. The economic and sociopolitical models of society development are not able to form institutions of stable development in modern conditions. Development of the cooperative sector of economy in USSR during Perestroika was a key method of transformation of the socioeconomic institution of property. In this context, the study of the cooperative legislation experience of USSR allows to understand the causes of unsufficiency and changeability of our country’s socioeconomic development. The aim of the work is to analyze the fundamental legislative acts of USSR in the field of cooperation in the considered period.
Materials and methods. Cooperation organically combines opportunities to rea¬lize both an economic function (here cooperation is considered as a subject of socioeconomic activity) and a social one (as a means and opportunity to “smooth” and solve social problems). Therefore this field has traditionally caused a true research interest. The works by scientists of early XXth century (А. N. Antsyferov, N. P. Makarov, S. L. Maslov, А. V. Merkulov, А. V. Chayanov, S. N. Prokopovich, N. N. Sokolov, V. F. Totomiants, M. I. Tugan-Baranovsky, М. L. Heysin etc.) accumulated significant factual materials that reflect to a certain extent the process of cooperation origin and development, its main quantitative variables and structu¬ral-economic mechanisms. In the Soviet period researchers were interestedin researching cooperation in conditions of the New Economic Policy. However, being pushed by Marxisms-Leninism doctrines, soviet researchers, as a rule, stayed within the limits of the analysis of domestic enterprise cooperation as a wittingly set direction of the communistic party’s policy. In the same vein one dealt with the general course of realization of the Lenin’s cooperative plan, as well as attraction of the cooperative network into socialistic economic construction. With the beginning of Perestroika realization cooperation became a method of real socioeconomic transformation of the soviet society, and therefore, the problem was reactualized. A list of contemporary researchers of Perestroika’s economic problems should include
V. Domye, I. N. Zakharov, A. G. Sobolev, L. I. Ilyina, V. V. Kashirin. Historical dynamics of consumer cooperation, including the Perestroika period, is traced back in the work by K. I. Vakhitov «History of consumer cooperation in Russia». The works by B. Y. Petelin, S. V. Bogdanov, V. N. Orlov are devoted to problems of criminalization of the cooperative field. Some problems still remain debatable in the modern historiography, for example the importance and position of cooperation in the system of soviet economic model reformation in late 1980s, formation of legal conditions for provate economic cooperation. The research objectives were realized on the basis of investigation of normative legal acts of USSR. At the analysis thereof the author used the principle of historicism and the formal juridical approach to consideration of the state legal policy in the field of cooperation.
Results. The author researched the state legal policy in the field of cooperation and revealed contradictions between real needs of cooperation development and the ones propagandized by the ideology.
Cocnlusions. The study of cooperative legisltation allows to understand trends and main direction of socioeconomic development of USSR in late 1980s.
1. Chistyakov O. I. Gosudarstvo i pravo SSSR v period Perestroyki [State and law of USSR during Perestroika]. Available at: http://studentu-vuza.ru/istoriya-otechestvennogo-gosudarstva-i-prava/lektsii/gosudarstvo-i-pravo-sssr-v-period-perestroyki.html.
2. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1990, vol. 5.
3. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1990, vol. 8.
4. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1990, vol. 9.
5. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1990, vol. 5.
6. Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta SSSR [Bulletin of the Supreme Council of USSR]. 1986, no. 47, art. 964.
7. Sobranie postanovleniy Pravitel'stva SSSR [Collection of USSR Government decrees]. 1987, no. 10.
8. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1990, vol. 6.
9. Svod zakonov SSSR [Code of laws of USSR]. Moscow: Yurid. lit., 1988, vol. 5.